电子游戏注册

解锁汽车隐藏功能 如何正确打开OTA?

日期:2020-07-27 作者:汽车之家 来源:汽车之家

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[qichezhijiaxingye] yongyouyiliangkeotashengjideqicheshizhongzenyangdetiyan?jinjinian,otachengweilebushaozaochexinshiliqiyemaichedeyidaredian。qicheyuanbenshisunhaopin,zaiotafunengxia,gengduogongnengyinzangzaibingshanzhixia,qichebiandeyuelaiyuehaoyong。dantongshi,womenyeyishidao,renhekeyigenggaifuzaxitongdejishuyezidaifengxian。otadaodishizhinengqicheshengjideshashoujian,haishicheqidajiande“kongzhong”gelou?

OTA呈爆发式增长?分清“正版”与“盗版”

ruhelijieota?otaquanchengweiover-the-air technology(jikongzhongxiazaijishu),shiyizhongyuanchengwuxianshengjijishu,ketongguowangluozidongxiazaishengjibao。otazuizaoshianzhuoxitongzaishoujishangtuichudeyigebianjiejishu,shishoujiruanjianshengjibuzaiyilaiyulianjiediannao,womenpingshiyongdezhinengshoujibanbenshengjizekechengzhiweiota。

guoqu,youzhejinbainianlishidecheqimen,daduoanzhaojixiesiweizhizaocheliang,yidanqichechuxianjixieguzhanghuozhiliangwenti,changshangzhuyaotongguozhaohui、shouquan4sdianweixiu、huandaidengfangshilaijinxinggaijin。

电子游戏注册rujindezhinenghuashidai,qichejianghuixiangzhinengshoujijinxingbanbenshengjiyiyangjinxingotagengxin,yihuodeyixiegongnenghepeizhishangdeshengji。genjuihsdeyanjiu,jinnianlaiheruanjianxiangguandeqichezhaohuianlibilizaixianzhushangsheng,muqianzheiyibiliyijingchaoguo40%。ruguokeyitongguootadefangshiduiruanjianjinxinggengxinhewanshan,zhaohuidefashengyouwangdadajianshao,jieyuelejinchangzhaohuidechengben。

电子游戏注册ciwai,otashengjihainenglajinqiyuxiaofeizhezhijiandeguanxi。cheqikejishiweiyonghugengxinqichexingnenghuogongneng,bingtigongqichezhenggeshengmingzhouqineideshouhoufuwu。yiweitesilachezhucengshuoguo:“tesilajiwodailailecongweiyouguodeyongchetiyan,meiyicishengjizhihouzonghuiyouxiexingongnengchuxian,shenzhiyouzhongshichangzaikaixinchedeganshou。”

yushi,henduocheqidazheotadeqihaolaizuoweixinchedeyidamaidian。zaizheidianshang,yonghuyaocaliangyanjingkanqingle,yinweiotajishuyeyou“zhengban”yu“daoban”zhifen。

shenmeyisi?otashengjiyangeshangfenweifotahesotaliangzhong。fotajizhengcheshengji,zhibaokuozheiliangchedehexinxitongzaineidesuoyouxitongdoukeyishengji,liruzidongjiashi、donglixitong、dianchixitongdeng;ersotazhiruanjianshengji,duozhixinxiyulexitonggengxin,lirucheji、yibiaohetboxdeng。

zaiotajishudetuijinshang,tesilashishixianfotadebizu。zuizaodetesilamodel s(canshu|xunjia)wenshishibingmeiyouzidongjiashigongneng,danhoulaitesilaneibujinxinglezidongjiashiceshi,zheixiangjishujingguoyanzhenghou,tamentongguootadefangshijisuoyoudetesilajinxingshengji,buyongkaidao4sdianjinxingruanjianshengji。

genjutongji,congdiyikuanmodel sshangshikaishi,jiezhi2020nian3yuetesilayiweiqixiachexingleijijinxingotashengjichaoguo50gebanben。liru,model xtongguootabaigonglijiasukeyicong5.2miaosuoduanzhi4.7miao;model 3ketongguootabazhidongjulisuoduan6mi,jiesuocheneiyinzangdesheyingtougongnengdeng;chezhuhaikeyitongguootashuachushengdanjiecaidan,zheiwuburangrenxinchishenwang。

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电子电气架构打通,整车OTA玩得溜?  

电子游戏注册juzuosiqiyanshuju,2019nianzhongguochengyongchesotazhuangpeiliangwei383.8wanliang,tongbizengzhang60.6%,tongshizhuangpeilvcong2018niande11.8%tigaozhi19%。erfotadetuijinsudubisotayaohuanmandeduo,zhuyaoyouyuqicheyulexitongzhongrenheruanjianguzhangxiangduieryan“wuguanjinyao”,danfotagaibiandeshihexinqudongdongli,shaoyoubushendailaidefumianyingxiangshijudade。

shixianzhengcheotadenanduyouduoda,beihouxuyaozhangwonaxiehexinjishu?

电子游戏注册henduochuantongzhujichangyenenggouduiruanjianjinxingshengji,zhibuguobunengtongguoyuanchenglaiwancheng,zhuyaocaiyongfenbushidianzidianqijiagou。yaoshixianzhengcheotadechexing,beihoudouyouyigequanxindedianzidianqijiagouzaizhichi。zheiyeshixinnengyuanqichegengrongyishixianzhengcheotadeyuanyin,qidonglixitongbenshenjiushijiegougengjiandandedianji,zaishejizhichujiucaiyonglejizhongshidedianzidianqijiagou。errangchuantongzhujichangqutuifanxianyoukekaoxinggao、pingtaihuagao、anquanxingqiangdejiagou,douhennanbandao。

电子游戏注册dangran,hennanbudaibiaomeiyou,chuantongcheqiguoqugengguanzhuqicheneibuyanfa,rujinyeyuelaiyuekanzhongzuizhongjiyonghudailaidejiazhi。juduoweiyeneirenshibiaoshi:“ranyouchekeyishixianzhengcheota,danfuchudechengbenheshijiandaijiayaobichundiandongqichegaodeduo。”

电子游戏注册“qichedeotaxitongfazhanzhuyaojingli4gejieduan:yishijianlicheyuyundelianjie,shixianwanglian;ershishixiancheliangdezhenduanyuyujing;sanshishixiancheliangduanzhuyaoyuanqijiandegujiangengxinshengji,bingzuodashujushouji;sishichengweiweilaizidongjiashicheliangdezhongyaozaiti,funengzidongjiashiyuchelianwang。”junlianzhixingzhongguoquyanfafuzongcai、ctochenyuanzaiyuqichezhijiajiaotanzhongbiaoshi。

电子游戏注册congmuqianlaikan,bushaocheqiyijingzaixiangdisanjieduanmanmankaolong。2019nian,yulai、xiaopengdengcheqizaizhengcheotalingyu,dounenggoushixianhexingongnengyouhua、gongnengkuozhandengcaozuo,congshengjideneironghepincilaishuo,biaoxiandouhenqiangshi。

电子游戏注册raner,otajishuxiangyaodaodadisijieduanrengxuhenzhangyiduanluxuyaozou。《caifu》zazhicengzhuanwenpingjiatesila:zaiqicheshangyuxiandazaikenengduoniandoubuhuishiyongdeyingjian,bingqiexuyaotongguogengxinruanjianlaijiesuoxingongneng,zheizaiqichexingyeshiqiansuoweiyoude。

“duiyuyingjianyumai,butongzhujichangyoubutongdeduidaifangfa,zuizhongmudeshiyaoshixianyingjianyumaiyuzaochechengbendeyouhua。”furuitaikezhinengxitongshouxijishuguanshenjunqiangbiaoshi,“womenyuzhujichangjiaoliushifaxian,youxiezhujichangxiwangyugongyingshangyiqitongguoxianqikuibendefangshijiangfuhegaojibiezidongjiashigongnengdeyingjianzhuangshangche,houxutongguootashengjihuodebuduanzengzhizaifanhuigongyingshangyingli,zheiyangdeshangyemoshishifoukexingrengranxuyaoyeneisikao。”

genjumogensitanlidegusuan,yihouzidongjiashiqiche60%dejiazhijiangyuanyuruanjian,erjintianqicheruanjiandejiazhizhanbizhiyou10%,otashitongwangweilairuanjianshidaidebijingzhilu,zhiyoujubeilezheigenenglicainengrangzhinengqichebuduanjinhua。

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商业模式被颠覆,产业链玩家重新定位

电子游戏注册“otaweilaijiangchengweicheqidegangxu,qizaijiangdiweihuchengben,zhaohuifengxianfangmian,daijicheqizhijiedeshouyi。lingwai,congshuzihuayunyinghetishengyonghujiachengtiyanfangmian,yejiangweicheqidailaikeguandeliyi。congzhangyuankan,gaojibiezidongjiashideotafunengyukexuanfufeimoshichuangxin,yeshizhuyaodeyinglidian。”duiyuotasuodailaideshangyemoshigenggai,chenyuanrushishuo。

yitesilaweili,2020nian5yue,tesilatuichulejiangbaigonglijiasuyou4.6miaotishengzhi4.1miaodenengli,jiesuozheixiangnenglixuyao14100yuanrenminbi。otashengjiweizhujichangtigongleyizhongxindechuangshoutujing,zengjialecheliangdefujiajiazhi。

IHS给出一组数据:2019年OTA在IVI OS(车载信息娱乐系统)、核心ECU(电子控制单元)、TCU(自动变速箱控制单元)更新上为整车厂节约的成本已达到165亿美元,这一数字在2025年有望超过600亿美元。

tongchanglaishuo,cheqiotadejinjieguochengdouxuyaoyugongyingshangjinmihezuo。jishiqiangrutesila,zaizuichuyeyuyijiayiselieruanjiangongsired bendhezuo(2015nianbeihamanshougou),zhihoucaikaishiziyan。suihou,tier 1/tier 2ruboshi、dalu、anbofu、junshengdianzi、airbiquityheheredeng,kaishitongguoshougouhuoziyandefangshishezuotajishu,bingzuizhongbeifute、woerwo、fengtiandengcheqicaiyong,yichangqicheotadaxicaizhenzhengkaishi。

电子游戏注册biru,dalujituanxianhoushougouleqicheruanjiangongsielekrobit,jiyiseliewangluoanquangongsiargus,dazaoyigetongshijubeiruanjianzengzhi、yingjiankaifa、huhangwangluoanquandehuanjing,bingtigongxitongdejichengnenglijidaozhujichang。

“过去,传统的整车系统可由主机厂来定,供应商只是做执行。如今,汽车整个架构发生了一个生态跨域融合,在定义汽车构架、规范、功能的时候,主机厂需要与集成供应商、硬件供应商和软件供应商形成一个协作的团队来一起定义。这是非常明显的变化。”大陆集团车联网事业部首席工程师丁大宇表示。

电子游戏注册zaijinnianchu,anbofuzaices 2020shangtuichuleyikuanjiyul4/l5zidongjiashikechixuyouhuadezhinengqichejiagoupingtai(sva),houqiketongguoruanjianshixianzhengcheota。anbofuyataiquzongcaiyangxiaomingrenwei,qichezhinengjiagouhuidailaifeichangdadeyewumoshidebianhua。buguangshizaixiaofeizheduan,gengshiyaoqiuqichechanyelianlimiandewanjiajinxingzhongxindingwei。zheijiangshiyizhongwanquanxindekaifangshengtaifangshi,shiqichexingyeyigefantianfudidebianhua。

大众汽车有自研的vw.OS操作系统,但在OTA系统上也与供应商相濡以沫。比如,均联智行中国区产品经理杨鹏提到,均胜电子在大众新一代车机上已经实现了远程的固件升级功能。下一步均胜电子也会开发基于安卓系统的OTA功能,在2021年即将量产的5G-V2X产品上也支持OTA功能。

zhangchengqichejishuzhongxinfuzhurenguoyansongcengfabiaokanfa:“otagengxinshiweilaicheliangshengji、gengxin、diedaideshixianjichu,danzheigongnengzhiyixingnan,bixuyaoyansuduidai,ruokaifabushenjiangkenengdaozhiqichewufashiyonghuozhezhengchetanhuan,youqizaidangjinfuzadeqicheshiyongchangjingxia,gengshixuzaiqichelingyuyoushijijingyandechangjiapeihekaifacainengdeyibaozhengzhiliang。

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不正确应用OTA将是一场祸

shishishang,otashengjiyebushiwannengde,yonghuyingchilixingdetaiduqukandaita。biru,tongguootajiangxiufuchengxucharu,zishizizhongxiaofeizhedoubuhuizhidaotamencengchuyufengxianzhizhong,yebuzhidaonagewentikenengshidaozhichehuohuoshigudeyuanyin。

butongyupingguoshoujiiosshengji,jutixiufunaxiebug,tishengnaxiexingneng,jieshaoshangdouhuimingqueshuoming,qicheotaqueshixuanzexinggaozhi,youshihoushengjilenaxiegongnengchezhubingbuzhiqing。zheizhongxianxiangbingbuguifan,xiaofeizheyingdangbaoliuhelidezhiqingquan、juecequanhetousuquan。

2019nian,model szaishanghaifashengziranhou,tesiladuiyixielaochexingtuisongotagengxin,tesilashengchengzheishiyixiangbaohudianchizudecuoshi,danchezhurenweishiciqianweidadaoanquanbiaozhun,otagengxinshiweiletaobilengqueyexielouzeren。

OTA也给一些造车新势力企业钻了空子,为了缩短车型上市时间,没有经过成熟的测试就推向市场。这种利用OTA来弥补不足,本末倒置的做法是种不负责任的行为。沈骏强认为,OTA的初衷是通过对现有软件版本迭代来获得汽车功能和性能的提升,不该成为某些车企因自动驾驶功能还未开发完就急忙上市的借口。有关OTA升级的方法还需要慎重考虑。

电子游戏注册ciwai,wangluoanquanjianghuishicheqibujuotabudebukefudelingyidaozhangai。anquangaiyousheilaibaozhang?gongyingshangzaigailingyuyiyanjiuchulexiangyingdejiejuefangan。juxi,dalujituanjiqizigongsieb、argusliyongduandaoduandewangluoanquanjiejuefangankeyibaohuqichezaizhenggeshengmingzhouqineimianshouheikegongji,anquanloudongnenggoubeifangzhi、kekaodijiancechu,bingtongguoruanjianotagengxinkuaisuxiangyinghexiufu。

“anquanyizhishiqichexingyeshouyaoderenwu,congotadeshengjikan,miyaoxitongdesheji、tongxinxieyidejiami、anquanloudongdexiufu、zhubeixitongdehuifubaozhang,yijianquanfangwencelveyuhsmdeliyong,doushizhuyaodejishushouduan,junshengdianzizaizheixiefangmiandouyouwanzhengdejiejuefangan。”yangpengduicibiaoshi,“muqianzaiotayingyongfangmian,duiyuguojiabiaozhundezhiding,xiangguanlianmengzuzhiduibiaozhunjiekoudeyuedinghaiyoudaiwanshandedifang。”

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